​​Motion Pictures
Emily Holmes

Thesis: Motion pictures in the 1920's revolutionized the entertainment business by creating many studios and by adding sound and color to the films. Movies brought Americans together by having films that were shown all over the country. Film brought people together to share a common interest.




Big Five Studios:
  • Warner Brothers Pictures - 1923
  • Paramount Pictures - 1927
  • Radio Keith Orpheum Pictures - 1928
  • Fox FIlms - 1912
  • Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) - 1924
    • Lion Roar - 1928














Little Three Studios:

  • Universal Pictures - 1912
  • United Artists - 1919
  • Colombia Pictures - 1924
Walt Disney Studios was established in 1923.

Sound:

  • Warner Bros. was the first to have a soundtrack on a seperate reel with the movie Don Juan (1926).
  • The Jazz Singer (1927) was the world's first talkie and musical combined; however, only about 350 words were spoken.
  • Talkie: Feature length film with dialogue.
  • A standardized sound system was put in place in 1928.
  • Lights of New York (1928) was the first all talking movie.
  • Steamboat Willy (1928) was the first speaking cartoon. It was also the first Mickey Mouse cartoon.





Color:
  • The first way to make color movies was by printing red and green negatives of the frames. If overlapped, they looked like they were in color.
  • The first feature length technicolor picture using this method was The Black Pirate (1926).


Academy Awards:
  • First established in 1929.
  • People have been having Oscar parties since the 1920's.
  • We still get excited to see who will get nominated.
  • Started with 6 categories and now there are 24.



Today:
  • Still have parties for the Academy Awards
  • Many of the studios of the 1920's are still around today
  • In the 1920's they had just incorporated full scripts, and now we have 3-D movies.
  • We have come a long way in the film industry, but we still enjoy watching movies.

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