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Jazz music brought the society together in the 1920's as the music influenced all of the aspects of society. Jazz [also known as "the basement music"] influenced the society with poetry, fashion, and other industries. The most important aspect of jazz is that it calmed down racial tensions in society. All together it was a unifying factor that brought people together.



external image Armstrong_Poster.jpg"By 1925, The wild and primitive sound of jazz music filled the streets of every major city in the United States."


"With the elevation of this distinctly African American art form, came a respect and dignity that African Americans had often been deprived of. "

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Age of Jazz
Age of Jazz







JAZZ POETRY:
Mina Loy:

The first woman known to write about jazz in her poetry was Mina
Loy.  In "Widow's Jazz," Loy alluded to the Chicago jazz scene, "The white
flesh quakes to the negro soul, Chicago! Chicago!" (__Lunar Baedeker__,
p.200).  Loy referred to the jazz clubs and sounds in her poetry, but
rarely focused her poems on the music or the culture; the music was simply
in reference to surroundings in the majority of her works.  The positive
references to jazz music in her works makes her a valued early proponent
of jazz music, and her jazz-related poems reinforced jazz music as an
intellectual and socially acceptable form of entertainment.



The flapper fashions:


~"The influence of jazz upon popular culture is perhaps the most apparent when looking at the developments in the fashion industry during the 1920s. This whole industry targeted a society that revolved around a certain kind of music."
"Post-war economic boom, the consumer market was enormous, and the fashion industry followed the demands of the new and rising American youth culture. Part of the popularity of jazz music was due to the fact that it was incredible dance music.

~"The Victorian clothing of the pre-war era was clearly unsuitable jazz apparel. The evolution in jazz music throughout the 1920s was accompanied by reflective changes in the fashion industry."


Women's Liberation:

After the recent fight for women's suffrage and the passing of the 19th amendment, Jazz Music opened up all sorts of opportunities in the music industry. It also "provided means of rebellion against set standards of society."

The "bottom culture" moves up:

"African American jazz music swept throughout the country during the 1920s. Jazz music was able to gain respect as an African American art form. For the first time in history, the culture of a minority became the desire of the majority."


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LOUIS ARMSTRONG: August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971

-Grew up in poverty

-Joe "King" Oliver was his idol, and he looked up to him as a father figure. (Oliver became a mentor to Louis)

-He bought an old beat up cornet after hearing music playing in houses, and dance halls.

-At the age of 11 juvenile court sent him to Jones Home for Colored Waifs for shooting a gun on new years eve

-While in there he got his first music lessons, and played in the homes brass band.

-Released 18 months later and started to play in pick-up bands:

(Fate Marables, Kidy Ory's, Zutty Singletons, Creole Jazz band)

-He recorded in groups, then started performing and recording on his own. (His first single was called , "My Heart"

-He was the "first vital jazz soloist to attain world wide influence as trumpeter, entertainer."-

-He was noted for being an improviser, and being a great vocalist and trumpet player.

-He performed on Broadway, in movies, etc.
-By 1929 Louis Armstrong was world known by both whites and blacks.
-"Hello Dolly" and "What a wonderful world" were his two greatest hits.


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ELLA FITZGERALD: April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996

13 Grammy awards and sold over 40 million albums.
Lady Ella, First Lady of Song
-As a teenager she went to audition for a dance part in a play and ended up singing and that was her first singing in public.
-Worked with: Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra, Sarah Vaughan, Dizzy Gillespie and Benny Goodman
-Performed in a few movies
-Well known for "skat-singing"
"Principally a jazz and blues singer of remarkably sweet and effortless style, Fitzgerald was noted for her sophisticated interpretation of songs by George Gershwin and Cole Porter and for her scat singing, an extremely inventive form of vocal jazz improvisation."
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Jazz influenced the creation of many "subgenres." This is includes the "big band- style swing" in the 1930's to 1940's, bebop in the mid 1940's, Afro-Cuban, Brazilian Jazz, and Latin Jazz fusions in the 1950s-1960's, jazz fusion from the 1970s and late 1980s (acid jazz), which created "funk and hiphop" music that was influenced from jazz too, etc. Even today we here jazz starting to be added to music in all genres of songs.


WHERE IS JAZZ TODAY?:

From the years Jazz was at its greatest, many new styles of music became popular. (But Jazz did indeed stay in a few cities (New Orleans)). Today there is a wide variety of music sound that has become well known, but it has been said that "Jazz is starting to creep back into the music industry."

-The Jazz of today is hip hop music. Hip Hop music has influenced all sorts of genres to be created and now there are many genres collaborating with Jazz. Just as Jazz brought society together Hip Hop is bringing the music industry together.